Category: Chinese news summaries

The broad impact of Chinese hukou on education restrictions

Children of white collar workers, college graduates denied education along with migrant laborers

Mr. Li digs the tunnels for Beijing’s subway system, but Beijing won’t let his daughter attend school. Mr. Li is one of the over 8 million people living in Beijing without a Beijing residence permit.

On October 12, they were among a group of parents of children without Beijing residence (hukou) who gathered outside a courtroom to support a fellow parent who had sued over access to education. News of the court date was censored after spreading online.

Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the hukou system has regulated where Chinese citizens can live and work and allowed for the government to have a great level of control over the economy and labor. While the system has been relaxed since the pre-reform days of a control economy, it still impacts access to public services, including education.

It’s not just temporary migrant workers, who provide much of the labor needed to build cities and keep them functioning, who are discriminated against. Some who have lived in Beijing for decades, including white collar workers and graduates of top universities, cannot enroll their children in local schools.

This could be a growing problem as the economy becomes more and more service-oriented and the population more and growing share of the population obtaining higher education and moving to cities to work.

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Xi’s the Chinese Reagan: Cuttin taxes and lovin it! (Corbyn, Sanders, take note)

Two Sessions 2016: Structural reforms – technology boost and Tax cuts 

As the two sessions met, there are concrete signs of policies that are being formalized for the future direction of Chinese economy. The National committee (CPPCC) met to discuss the future of Chinese growth. Some formal goals were outlined at the outset. To communicate the economic future of China was one of them. Wang Guoqing, the spokesperson highlighted the need to raise tough questions, which will give the world an idea about the true economic conditions prevailing, and will help in dispelling myths about Chinese growth. As I wrote previously, it will be a session to underscore policies to highlight growth potentials, as that is the prime concern of Chinese policy makers now. Addressing the 6.9 percent growth, chairman Yu Zhengsheng mentioned that while it is still more than the entire world, except India perhaps, it is imperative that growth is stimulated and President Xi Jinping said that annual growth of at least 6.5 percent would be required to reach China’s goal to double its 2010 GDP and per capita income by 2020.

Some thought provoking proposals were debated and discussed, like using PV on rooftops, as a means to poverty alleviation. The idea was from Hanergy’s chairman Li Hejun, who said that it is the most potent way for areas without stable power supplies, or remote areas, and it is in line with the poverty eradication plan of the 13th five year plan. Another aspect that was focused was the promotion of a green shared development concept. This coordinated approach and green growth has been the focus for a few years now, considering China’s attempt at pollution control and develop clean energy.

However, two concepts struck me as the key of this year’s two sessions.

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What happened in Taiwan? In China, nothing.

You wouldn’t know the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party (DDP) just won the presidential election in Taiwan, ending eight years of a pro-China Kuomintang (KMT) government, if you read Chinese newspapers.

The day after the election, none of the newspapers in Nanjing* carried the biggest news of the day on their front pages. Even looking inside the papers, no news of the election was to be found. Now three days after the event, still nothing. The front page of Modern Express, a newspaper run by Xinhua, the national state-run news agency, includes mini-headlines about how Modern Express‘s social media account is #1 in the province and how “China’s top fatty” is coming to Nanjing to lose weight. The lead story is about a cold front soon to hit eastern China? A metaphor?

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Chinese media celebrates landing of plane on artificial island

China has been working on constructing an artificial island with an airstrip on Fiery Cross Reef since 2014. The reef, known in Chinese as Yongshu Reef (永暑礁), and part of the Spratly Islands (Nansha, in Chinese), is also claimed by Taiwan, the Philippines, and Vietnam. China has occupied the reef since 1988.

Now that China’s 3,125 m-long (10,253 ft) runway is complete, they have taken the next step, by landing airplanes on it to welcome the new year, including two commercial jets.

Xinhua, the official state news agency, was proud of the achievement, saying in part, “The successful test flight proved that the airport has the capacity to ensure the safe operation of civil aviation large aircraft.”

The Oriental Morning Post featured a photo of the runway with the passengers and planes, one from Hainan Airlines and one from China Southern, on its front page on January 7, 2016. The headline refers to the runway as China’s southernmost “civil aviation” airport*.

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China will “firmly oppose” North Korea’s nuclear tests

China has expressed firm opposition to North Korea’s nuclear test, but their foreign affairs spokesperson wasn’t clear about whether China would be open to sanctions or any other disciplinary actions.

The nuclear test was the lead story on the Shanghai Morning Post on January 7, 2016, under the headline, “Firmly Oppose North Korea Again Testing Nuclear.” Shanghai Morning Post is published by the Liberation Daily Newspaper Group, a government-connected company that publishes Liberation Daily, the official daily newspaper of the Shanghai Committee of Communist Party of China.

Untitled 67

According to the text of the article, the Foreign Ministry expressed anger at North Korea’s continual stifling of international and Chinese efforts to stop North Korea from developing nuclear weapons, but they didn’t state what–if any–reprisals North Korea would face:

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